Pigmentation is a common and usually harmless condition in which certain patches of skin become darker than others. Generally, this darkening is caused by excess melanin deposition. When pigmentation occurs, the skin also reverts back to normal after a period of time. However, if the pigmentation persists and keeps increasing in size or number or darkens further, this is called hyperpigmentation.
Skin color is a unique feature of the human body. Unlike past eras in which people used whitening creams to have fairer skin color, people are starting to love their natural skin color no matter what. Your skin, hair, and eye color are due to a pigment called melanin. The changes in the body's melanin production can lead to hypopigmentation , hyperpigmentation , or depigmentation . If you come across any dark spots or light patches on your body, immediately reach out to a skin specialist.
Dr. Manisha Saney is an experienced and successful dermatologist who can unravel your pigmentation problem.
Melanin is the natural pigment in your body responsible for your skin color. When there is an increase or decrease in the quantity of melanin in the skin, discoloration of skin spots happens. A person's pigmentation determines their skin color. Pigmentation disorders cause your skin's color to change. Skin cells produce melanin, a pigment that determines your skin's color.The condition hyperpigmentation causes your skin to darken. Depending on the severity of the condition, it can affect patches of your skin or the entire body. The most common type of hyperpigmentation is age spots, also called liver spots.
Pigmentation is caused by many factors like:
Mild pigmentations can be cured by self-care and lightening creams. But some pigmentations are severe and need professional treatment.
During the consultation, Dr. Manisha Saney will do a skin exam and inquire about your genetic disorders or other factors which could lead to pigmentation. The doctor might also take a sample of your skin for further examination. Once your health and other factors are analyzed, the doctor will start the treatment procedures with your consent. If your skin pigmentation is of moderate type, the doctor will prescribe you topical medications, oral medications, or other cosmetic procedures.
In case of hyper pigmentation, time and patience are needed to retain the standard color of the skin. If you have depigmentation, the doctor will prescribe you creams and light-sensitive therapies to improve your condition.